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  • Global paleoclimate simulations are carried out on the basis of the so-called time slice technique. The simulations are performed with the state-of-the-art global circulation model ECHAM5 (Roeckner et al., 2003) at a spectral resolution of T106 (∼1.125°×1.125°) and 19 vertical levels. Different time slices are selected at a time interval of approx. 1000 years from each other, from 6000 years ago to pre-industrial times. For each time slice a simulation is carried out over a period of 30 years. As boundary conditions prescribed sea ice fraction and sea surface temperatures were used, which were derived from a continuous simulation with transient periods. This simulation was performed with the coupled atmosphere-ocean circulation model ECHO-G, consisting of the ECHAM4 (Roeckner et al., 1996) and the ocean model HOPE (Wolff et al., 1997), at a spectral resolution of T30 (∼3.75◦×3.75◦). Further information on simulation realization can be found in Wagner et al. (2007). Detailed information on the model set-up can be found in Russo and Cubasch (2016). Russo, E. and Cubasch, U.: Mid-to-late Holocene temperature evolution and atmospheric dynamics over Europe in regional model simulations, Clim. Past, 12, 1645-1662, https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-12-1645-2016, 2016.

  • The data represent monthly average values of pre-industrial climate simulation. Here, for the year 1860, concentrations of well mixed greenhouse gases (CO2, CH4, N2O) were prescribed. Ocean data (MPI-OM) are available within this experiment, they are stored in EXTRA FORMAT. Datasets with higher resolution (6 hour mean) are also available. As the boundary conditions are not time dependent, the time access is arbitrary. Technical data to this experiment: The experiment is using ECHAM5.2.02 coupled to MPI-OM Vers.1.0 GR1.5L40 and was run on a NEC-SX6(hurrikan). The output from the model run: hurrikan.dkrz.de:/ut/3/m214002/EXP500/run520

  • The data represent monthly average values of a 20th century simulation (including year 2000)with observed anthropogenic forcings (CO2, CH4, N2O, CFCs, O3 and sulfate) initialized in year 2240 of the preindustrial control run. This is followed by a commitment experiment for the 21th century (years 2001-2100) with all concentrations fixed at their levels of year 2000. Datasets with higher resolution (6 hourly) are also available. Technical data to this experiment: The experiment is using ECHAM5.2.02a coupeld to MPI-OM Vers. 1.0 GR1.5L40 The output from the model run: hurrikan.dkrz.de:/ut/m/m214002/EXP500/run524 Please note: experiment_name/acronym was renamed (27-JUN-2005, 20C_2 changed to 20C_3)

  • The data represent 6 hourly values of pre-industrial climate simulation. Here, for the year 1860, concentrations of well mixed greenhouse gases (CO2, CH4, N2O) were prescribed. Ocean data (MPI-OM) are available within this experiment, they are stored in EXTRA FORMAT. Datasets with monthly mean values are also available. As the boundary conditions are not time dependent, the time access is arbitrary. Technical data to this experiment: The experiment is using ECHAM5.2.02 coupled to MPI-OM Vers.1.0 GR1.5L40 and was run on a NEC-SX6(hurrikan). The output from the model run: hurrikan.dkrz.de:/ut/3/m214002/EXP500/run520

  • The data represent 6 hourly values of a 20th century simulation (including year 2000) with observed anthropogenic forcings(CO2, CH4, N2O, CFCs, O3 and sulfate) initialized in year 2240 of the preindustrial control run. This is followed by a commitment experiment for the 21th century (years 2001-2100) with all concentrations fixed at their levels of the year 2000. Data Sets with monthly mean values are also available. Technical data to this experiment: The experiment is using ECHAM5.2.02a coupeld to MPI-OM Vers. 1.0 GR1.5L40 The output from the model run: hurrikan.dkrz.de:/ut/m/m214002/EXP500/run524 Please note: experiment_name/acronym was renamed (27-JUN-2005, 20C_2 changed to 20C_3)

  • The data represent monthly average values of a 20th century simulation (including year 2000) with observed anthropogenic forcings (CO2, CH4, N2O, CFCs, O3 and sulfate) initialized in year 2215 of the preindustrial control run. This is followed by a commitment experiment for the 21th century (years 2001-2100) with all concentrations fixed at their levels of year 2000. Datasets with higher resolution (6 hourly) are also available. Technical data to this experiment: The experiment is using ECHAM5.2.02a coupeld to MPI-OM Vers. 1.0 GR1.5L40 The output from the model run: hurrikan.dkrz.de:/ut/m/m214002/EXP500/run523 Please note: experiment_name/acronym was renamed (27-JUN-2005, 20C_1 changed to 20C_2)

  • The data represent monthly average values of a 20th century simulation (including year 2000) with observed anthropogenic forcings (CO2, CH4, N2O, CFCs, O3 and sulfate) initialized in year 2190 of the preindustrial control run. This is followed by a commitment experiment for the 21th century (years 2001-2100) with all concentrations fixed at their levels of year 2000. Datasets with higher resolution (6 hourly) are also available. Technical data to this experiment: The experiment is using ECHAM5.2.02a coupeld to MPI-OM Vers. 1.0 GR1.5L40 The output from the model run: hurrikan.dkrz.de:/ut/k/k204076/EXP000/run009 Please note: experiment_name/acronym was renamed (27-JUN-2005, 20C_0 changed to 20C_1)

  • The data represent 6 hourly values of a 20th century simulation (including year 2000) with observed anthropogenic forcings(CO2, CH4, N2O, CFCs, O3 and sulfate) initialized in year 2190 of the preindustrial control run. This is followed by a commitment experiment for the 21th century (years 2001-2100) with all concentrations fixed at their levels of the year 2000. Data Sets with monthly mean values are also available. Technical data to this experiment: The experiment is using ECHAM5.2.02a coupeld to MPI-OM Vers. 1.0 GR1.5L40 The output from the model run: hurrikan.dkrz.de:/ut/k/k204076/EXP000/run009 Please note: experiment_name/acronym was renamed (27-JUN-2005, 20C_0 changed to 20C_1)

  • The data represent monthly average values of selected variables for the Data Distribution Centre (DDC) of the Intergovermental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). (see also: http://ipcc-ddc.cru.uea.ac.uk) The B1 scenario describes a storyline with rapid change in economic structures toward a service and information economy, with reductions in material intensity and the introduction of clean and resource-efficient technologies. The experiment has been initialized in year 2000 of the 20C_2 run and continues until year 2100 with anthropogenic forcings (CO2, CH4, N2O, CFCs, O3 and sulfate) according to B1. The experiment is extended until year 2200 with all concentrations fixed at their levels of year 2100 (stabilization experiment). Datasets with higher resolution (6 hourly) are also available. Technical data to this experiment: The experiment is using ECHAM5.2.02a coupled to MPI-OM Vers. 1.0 GR1.5L40 and was run on a NEC-SX (hurrikan). The output from the model run: hurrikan.dkrz.de: /ut/k/k204096/EXP200/run224

  • The data represent monthly average values of selected variables for the Data Distribution Centre (DDC) of the Intergovermental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). (see also: http://ipcc-ddc.cru.uea.ac.uk) The A2 scenario describes an economic development which is primarily regionally oriented and the technical change is more fragmented and slower than in the other SRES storylines. The experiment has been initialized in year 2000 of the 20C_3 run and continues until year 2100 with anthropogenic forcings (CO2, CH4, N2O, CFCs, O3 and sulfate) according to A2. Datasets with higher resolution (6 hourly) are also available. Technical data to this experiment: The experiment is using ECHAM5.2.02a coupled to MPI-OM Vers. 1.0 GR1.5L40 and was run on a NEC-SX (hurrikan). The output from the model run: hurrikan.dkrz.de: /ut/k/k204097/EXP000/run016