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  • Simulation with most recent version of MADE3 into the atmospheric chemistry general circulation model EMAC, including a detailed evaluation of a ten-year aerosol simulation with MADE3 as part of EMAC. Model details and setup specification are described in Kaiser et al. (Geosci. Model Dev., 2018). We compare simulation output to station network measurements of near-surface aerosol component mass concentrations, to airborne measurements of aerosol mass mixing ratio and number concentration vertical profiles, to ground-based and airborne measurements of particle size distributions, and to station network and satellite measurements of aerosol optical depth. Furthermore, we describe and apply a new evaluation method, which allows a comparison of model output to size-resolved electron microscopy measurements of particle composition. Although there are indications that fine mode particle deposition may be underestimated by the model, we obtained satisfactory agreement with the observations. Remaining deviations are of similar size as those identified in other global aerosol model studies. Thus, MADE3 can be considered ready for application within EMAC. Due to its detailed representation of aerosol mixing state, it is especially useful for simulating wet and dry removal of aerosol particles, aerosol-induced formation of cloud droplets and ice crystals as well as aerosol-radiation interactions. Besides studies on these fundamental processes, we also plan to use MADE3 for a reassessment of the climate effects of anthropogenic aerosol perturbations. Please cite Kaiser et al. (Geosci. Model Dev., 2018) if using the data.

  • Simulation with most recent version of MADE3 into the atmospheric chemistry general circulation model EMAC, including a detailed evaluation of a ten-year aerosol simulation with MADE3 as part of EMAC. Model details and setup specification are described in Kaiser et al. (Geosci. Model Dev., 2018). We compare simulation output to station network measurements of near-surface aerosol component mass concentrations, to airborne measurements of aerosol mass mixing ratio and number concentration vertical profiles, to ground-based and airborne measurements of particle size distributions, and to station network and satellite measurements of aerosol optical depth. Furthermore, we describe and apply a new evaluation method, which allows a comparison of model output to size-resolved electron microscopy measurements of particle composition. Although there are indications that fine mode particle deposition may be underestimated by the model, we obtained satisfactory agreement with the observations. Remaining deviations are of similar size as those identified in other global aerosol model studies. Thus, MADE3 can be considered ready for application within EMAC. Due to its detailed representation of aerosol mixing state, it is especially useful for simulating wet and dry removal of aerosol particles, aerosol-induced formation of cloud droplets and ice crystals as well as aerosol-radiation interactions. Besides studies on these fundamental processes, we also plan to use MADE3 for a reassessment of the climate effects of anthropogenic aerosol perturbations. Please cite Kaiser et al. (Geosci. Model Dev., 2018) if using the data.

  • Products of liquid water path (LWP), rain water path (RWP) and integrated water vapor (IWV, also called precipitable water vapor (PWV)) are retrieved from microwave radiometer observations with auxiliary measurements from backscatter lidar and cloud radar. The nadir measurements were taken by the German High Altitude and Long range research aircraft (HALO) during the Next generation Advanced Remote sensing for VALidation campaign South (NARVAL-South) in December 2013. Products are provided over tropical Atlantic east of Barbados. This experiment provides column integrated quantities as seen from satellite perspective but with higher spatially resolution (about 1 km footprint) than available from microwave satellites.

  • Products of liquid water path (LWP), rain water path (RWP) and integrated water vapor (IWV, also called precipitable water vapor (PWV)) are retrieved from microwave radiometer observations with auxiliary measurements from backscatter lidar and cloud radar. The nadir measurements were taken by the German High Altitude and Long range research aircraft (HALO) during the Next generation Advanced Remote sensing for VALidation campaign 2 (NARVAL2) in August 2016. Products are provided over tropical Atlantic east of Barbados. This experiment provides column integrated quantities as seen from satellite perspective but with higher spatially resolution (about 1 km footprint) than available from microwave satellites.

  • NARVAL-South: Measurements of microwave radiometer brightness temperatures, radar reflectivity and linear depolarisation ratio, and dropsonde atmospheric profiles from aircraft campaign over tropical Atlantic out of Barbados. Aim of the campaign was the observation of shallow convection in the trade wind region east of Barbados. website: http://www.mpimet.mpg.de/en/science/the-atmosphere-in-the-earth-system/working-groups/tropical-cloud-observation/halo/missions/

  • NARVAL-North: Measurements of microwave radiometer brightness temperatures, radar reflectivity and linear depolarisation ratio, and dropsonde atmospheric profiles from aircraft campaign over mid-latitude Atlantic out of Iceland. Aim of the campaign was the observation of clouds associated with the cold sector of mid-latitude cyclones.

  • NARVAL2: Measurements of microwave radiometer brightness temperatures, radar reflectivity and linear depolarisation ratio, and dropsonde atmospheric profiles from aircraft campaign over tropical Atlantic out of Barbados. During this campaign, a broad range of states of convection were observed from suppressed and shallow convection in relatively dry surroundings to deep convection in the ITCZ. website: https://www.mpimet.mpg.de/en/science/the-atmosphere-in-the-earth-system/working-groups/tropical-cloud-observation/halo/missions/

  • NAWDEX: Measurements of microwave radiometer brightness temperatures, radar reflectivity and linear depolarisation ratio, and dropsonde atmospheric profiles from aircraft campaign over mid-latitude Atlantic out of Iceland. The campaign explored the impact of diabatic processes on disturbances of the jet stream and their influence on downstream high-impact weather through the deployment of four research aircraft. Website: http://www.pa.op.dlr.de/nawdex/